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ANXIETY

Anxiety is a normal response in the individual in situations like threat or stressful events, and it is short-lived and controllable. It makes the individual ready to face for a physical response to perceived danger. 

Anxiety becomes clinically important if they are.

Abnormally severe

If it prolongs for a longer period.

If it persists even in the absence of stressful situations.

If it affects the physical, social, or occupational matters.

Features of anxiety

The symptoms may be a feature of some physical conditions like withdrawal from drugs, decreased blood-sugar level, hypothyroidism, etc.

Anxiety may be purely psychological like-

  • Fear and apprehension

  • Irritability

  • Disturbed sleep

  • Difficulty in concentration

  • Alternatively, it may be physical like increased muscle tension.

  • Palpitation

  • Sweating

  • Diarrhoea

  • Frequent micturition

  • Dryness of mouth

  • Tightness of chest

  • Numbness of the body

  • Faintness

Features of generalized anxiety

It is characterized by excessive anxiety and worry that prolong for more than six months and persist almost always and not connected with any particular events or circumstances.

  • There is the difficulty in concentration.

  • Worries about future misfortunes.

  • Headache

  • Restlessness

  • Dry mouth

  • Discomfort in the pit of the stomach

  • Excessive sweating

WHAT IS PANIC DISORDER?

It is the occurrence of severe paroxysmal anxiety characterized by shortness of breath, palpitations and perspirations ,faintness, chest pain and person feel the imminent danger of death or collapse.

Features of panic disorder

  • Sudden unexpected episodes

  • Palpitation

  • Shortness of breath

  • Fear of impending death

  • Try to escape from the situation where the attack occurred.

WHAT IS A PHOBIA?

Specific phobias

It is fear of particular objects like particular animals or insects or certain situations like flying, or an individual like a particular doctor.

Social phobias

In the situations, people fear that he is evaluated by others like public speaking.

WHAT IS AGORAPHOBIA?

It is the excessive anxiety or fear in public places, or being in a crowd, or standing in a queue or using public transport. 

Homeopathic treatment

The aim of homeopathic treatment is to live a tension-free  life. Along with counseling homeopathic medicines can effectively manage the anxiety disorders. The duration of the treatment depends on the severity as the disease and also the duration of the disease. If the patient is on conventional treatment, he has to continue the medicines for a period and when homeopathic medicines begin to act, the patient himself can feel that he can with draw the medicines. Homeopathy can manage different types of phobias and panic attacks. In homeopathic repertory, medicines are given under different headings for various types of anxieties,

Usual medicines are Aconite, Belladona, Hyos, Stram, Arg nit etc.. However, self-treatment is quite dangerous, and the patient has to follow the advice of a well experienced doctor.

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BED WETTING IN CHILDREN

Bed wetting or enuresis is more common in boys, especially first born children or children who have experienced stress in early life or children of lower social classes. 

Bed wetting is mostly at night and never had a single dry night. This is the true bed wetting. 

In secondary or acquired bed wetting it starts before the age of 5 and who had been previously dry at night for at least 12 months.

Genetic factors play an important role in the causation – boy with nocturnal enuresis, has a 75% chance of having the first-degree relative who wets the bed even after five years of age.

Due to some chronic illness or inadequate training or due to maturational delay or due to small bladder capacity bed, wetting may occur.

In certain diseases like diabetes mellitus or diabetes insipidus also causes enuresis.  

It may also occur as a symptom of psychological ill health with the presence of an organic disease.

Investigations

Urine routine examination for glucose and blood.

USG to rule out anatomical abnormality of urinary tract.

Management

Counseling and training

The child should be trained to empty the bladder before going to bed. All kinds of punishment should be avoided. 

Fluid restriction after evening.

Bladder capacity training. Here during the daytime ask the child to hold the urine as possible and gradually increase the time before voiding.

Homeopathic treatment.

If the cause is due to any illness, the aim is to treat the cause. This should be done by considering the present pathological symptoms, and a suitable remedy is selected. This is followed by a constitutional remedy. If it is purely psychological, then homeopathic medicines equally act very well.  For these, as homeopathic philosophy says the mental aspect of the child should be studied correctly and the physical impact or mental impact if any should be given importance. 

Homeopathic medicines are highly recommended in bed wetting of children, and the result is very good.

Medicines like Cina, Sepia, Natrum mur, Causticum are the important remedies.

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   HYPOCHONDRIASIS

In hypochondriasis patient fear or believe that they have a serious and often fatal disease, and that belief persists in spite of appropriate medical assurance.

All age groups are affected but more common in 30-35 age groups. The person with hypochondriasis seeks many medical opinions and investigations to gain reassurance. Usually, physical examination does not reveal any organic basis. Symptoms involve multiple organs.

Symptoms of hypochondriasis

The symptoms arise from the preconceived idea that he has some serious disease.

Always alarmed about own health.

Minor symptoms feel very important and seek the physician. 

Always distressed about a possible illness.

Always thinking and talking about illness.

Treatment

Emotional support and reassurance are needed. 

Homeopathic treatment

Generally speaking hypochondriasis is very difficult to manage. Cognitive-behavioral therapy and stress management therapy can be tried along with homeopathic medicines. 

Here for the selection of the homeopathic medicines common symptoms particular about the disease should sort out and symptoms particular to the individual should be given importance. Along with this, his physical peculiarities and bitter childhood experiences, or any mental stress and strain should be given highest importance to the selection of the medicine.

Some medicines are Nux vom, Suphur, Natrum Mur, calc carb, Pulsatilla, etc.

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                                         MOOD DISORDERS

The mood disorders are so called because it is the abnormality of mood. Mood is a peculiar state of mind, and it differs from emotions and feelings.

Mood disorder is divided into. 

Unipolar depression-here the person suffers from one or more episodes of lowered mood.

Bipolar disorder-here the person experiences episodes of elevated mood   but not always interspersed with depression.

Dysthymia-it is the chronic low grade depression.

Manic episode

In this state, the person is in an exaggerated or elated mood, and he becomes extremely irritable, or aggressive or hostile that is disproportionate to the circumstances.

And in these moods, they fall into sexual or financial discretion, and they won’t accept the likely consequences.

                                                DEPRESSION

It is another mood disorder and one of the major causes for suicide and disability. Here the person becomes depressed and loss of interest and pleasure and with reduced energy.

The episodes can be mild to severe depending on the symptoms and their approach to the family and day to day work. And depression is usually associated with anxiety and or with coexisting anxiety disorder such as agoraphobia or social phobias.

Aetiology of depression

There is a genetic predisposition to depression.

Social factors

Like loss of job

Loss of family members, friends, health, money, status, etc.

Symptoms of depression

  • Hopelessness

  • Depressed mood

  • Reduced self-esteem 

  • Loss of interest

  • Poor concentration

  • Guilt 

  • Suicidal thoughts

  • Pessimism

  • Reduced appetite

  • Fatigue

  • Sleep disturbances

  • Weight changes

  • Constipation

  • Loss of libido

  • Tension

  • Anxiety

Criteria for depressive mood

In order to establish a depressive mood the following criteria is important.

1-Depressive mood for almost all the days for most of the days

2-marked loss of interest or pleasure in the surroundings or activities all most every day for most of the days 

3-Weight loss or weight gain with increased appetite or with reduced appetite

4-Loss of sleep or excessive sleepiness almost every day

5-Dull feeling or agitated almost every day.

6-Guilty feeling or feeling of worthlessness almost every day

7-Excessive fatigue or loss of energy everyday  

8-Decreased ability to think or concentrate almost every day.

9-Frequent thought of suicide or death 

At least 5 or more of the above symptoms, including 1 and 2 must be present for at least 2 weeks representing a change from previous functioning.

Causes for depression

Genetic factor plays a major role in the causation of depression.

Social factors- adverse experiences and emotional deprivation early in life also predisposes to depression. Events like loss of job, health, money, status, etc. also cause depression. 

Homeopathic treatment

Homeopathy has got a better treatment schedule for the treatment of mood disorders, whether is for swinging of mood or depression. The advantage is that it is safe from side effects.

 The treatment should be continued over a period, and the patient can interact with his surroundings like a normal man.

Usual medicines are Pulsatilla. Aurum met, Staphysagria, Lachesis, etc.;

www.onlinehomeocure.com

mail@doctorakbarkp.com



                                         MOOD DISORDERS

The mood disorders are so called because it is the abnormality of mood. Mood is a peculiar state of mind, and it differs from emotions and feelings.

Mood disorder is divided into. 

Unipolar depression-here the person suffers from one or more episodes of lowered mood.

Bipolar disorder-here the person experiences episodes of elevated mood   but not always interspersed with depression.

Dysthymia-it is the chronic low grade depression.

Manic episode

In this state, the person is in an exaggerated or elated mood, and he becomes extremely irritable, or aggressive or hostile that is disproportionate to the circumstances.

And in these moods, they fall into sexual or financial discretions, and they won’t accept the likely consequences.

                                               DEPRESSION

It is another mood disorder and one of the major causes for suicide and disability. Here the person becomes depressed and loss of interest and pleasure and with reduced energy.

The episodes can be mild to severe depending on the symptoms and their approach to the family and day to day work. And depression is usually associated with anxiety and or with coexisting anxiety disorder such as agoraphobias or social phobias.

Aetiology of depression

There is a genetic predisposition to depression.

Social factors

Like loss of job

Loss of family members, friends, health, money, status, etc.

Symptoms of depression

  • Hopelessness

  • Depressed mood

  • Reduced self-esteem 

  • Loss of interest

  • Poor concentration

  • Guilt 

  • Suicidal thoughts

  • Pessimism

  • Reduced appetite

  • Fatigue

  • Sleep disturbances

  • Weight changes

  • Constipation

  • Loss of libido

  • Tension

  • Anxiety

Criteria for depressive mood

In order to establish a depressive mood the following criteria is important.

1-Depressive mood for almost all the days for most of the days

2-marked loss of interest or pleasure in the surroundings or activities all most every day for most of the days 

3-Weight loss or weight gain with increased appetite or with reduced appetite

4-Loss of sleep or excessive sleepiness almost every day

5-Dull feeling or agitated almost every day.

6-Guilty feeling or feeling of worthlessness almost every day

7-Excessive fatigue or loss of energy everyday  

8-Decreased ability to think or concentrate almost every day.

9-Frequent thought of suicide or death 

At least 5 or more of the above symptoms, including 1 and 2 must be present for at least 2 weeks representing a change from previous functioning.

Causes for depression

Genetic factor plays a major role in the causation of depression.

Social factors- adverse experiences and emotional deprivation early in life also predisposes to depression. Events like loss of job, health, money, status, etc. also cause depression. 

Homeopathic treatment

Homeopathy has got a better treatment schedule for the treatment of mood disorders, whether is for swinging of mood or depression. The advantage is that it is safe from side effects.

 The treatment should be continued over a period, and the patient can interact with his surroundings like a normal man.

Usual medicines are Pulsatilla. Aurum met, Staphysagria, Lachesis, etc.;

www.onlinehomeocure.com

mail@doctorakbarkp.com



                            OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER

                                                     (OCD)

In this disorder, the person cannot stop the intrusion of unwanted thoughts actions or urges. So it repeats the same action frequently at the same time.

The exact cause is not yet understood. However, some genetic factors and chemical changes in some areas of the brain play a role.

Clinical features

Obsessions are frequent and persistent thoughts, impulses, or images that are normally experienced as intrusive and senseless.

And they are accompanied by marked anxiety.  Common obsessions include contamination, aggressions and sexual or religious thoughts.

Compulsions are repetition of a certain physical or mental act like washing of hands, checking, repeated counting or repeating words silently. 

Diagnostic criteria of OCD

Obsessional thoughts or compulsive acts or both must be there for most of the day for at least 2 weeks.

It is recognized by the patient as their own complaint.

The thoughts, acts like images, are unpleasantly repetitive.

Homeopathic treatment

Behavioral therapy, counseling should go hand in hand along with homeopathic medicine, but if the disease is of more chronic complete cure with homeopathic medicine alone is doubtful. 

But homeopathic medicines work very well along with conventional treatment.

www.onlinehomeocure.com

mail@doctorakbarkp.cpm