If the hemoglobin level in the blood goes below the normal range that is appropriate for the age and sex, then it is called anaemia. A rapid onset of anaemia as seen in acute blood loss produces more profound symptoms than in gradually developing anaemia.
Nutritional anaemia or iron deficiency anaemia is the most common type seen on the majority of the world population.
Iron deficiency anaemia occurs in situations where the requirement of iron exceeds the absorption.
Causes of iron deficiency anaemia.
The most common cause is the blood loss. In men and in post-menopausal women, the cause is due to blood loss from the gastrointestinal tract.
The worldwide accepted cause is hookworm and schistosomiasis. Here the blood loss is from the gut itself. Other diseases like gastritis, colorectal malignancy, ulceration of the gastrointestinal tract, in women of child-bearing age, menstrual blood loss, pregnancy, breast feeding, etc.is the contributing factors.
Malabsorption of iron is also another cause. If it is due to malabsorption, the person should be screened for coeliac disease.
Certain diseases like Rheumatoid arthritis, or resection of the stomach or small bowel leading to malabsorption of iron and or vitamin B12.
The best method to confirm iron deficiency is the concentration of plasma ferritin level.
Iron deficiency, vitamin C deficiency, hypothyroidism all causes a low level of plasma ferritin.
Symptoms of nutritional anaemia.
Breathlessness on least exertion
Iron supplement is the treatment of choice, with vegetables and fruits.
Homeopathic treatment is highly recommended for the nutritional anaemia along with iron supplementation. Homeopathy is effective in anaemia due to malabsorption or due to worm infestation. In pregnancy, homeopathic medicines can be prescribed with very good results. It improves the appetite and also controls the nausea, vomiting of pregnancy.
Haemophilia- (hemophilia) - is a bleeding disorder where the blood fails to clot due to a factor necessary for clotting. So after an injury the blood does not clot within the normal time.
There are two types of hemophilia.
Haemophilia A-it is due to the absence of clotting factor VIII.
Hemophilia B-it is due to the absence of clotting factor IX.
The occurrence of hemophilia is associated with chromosome X. Men have two X chromosomes and females have only X chromosome. So men with haemophilia show symptoms were as females are carriers and do not show symptoms.
Symptoms of hemophilia
The symptoms depend on the level of clotting factor in the blood. If the level is mildly reduced, then there is bleeding after surgery or trauma.
But when the deficiency level is high there is spontaneous bleeding into joints.
The symptoms include-
Unexplained bleeding from the nose
Excessive bleeding even after a small injury
Blood in urine and stool
Pain and swelling in joints due to bleeding into joints.
Since hemophilia is a genetic disorder, complete cure is still a challenge. However, homeopathic medicines help to prevent the recurrence of the bleeding and also can tackle acute onset of problems as bleeding into joints.
The homeopathic medicines can be taken along the allopathic medicines. And the homeopathic medicines have no side effects, and it is cost effective. There are homeopathic medicines, which are proved to be very effective for hemophilia.
Lachesis, Crotalus, Hamamelis, Millifolium, Phosphorus are the frequently used effective homeopathic medicines.
Multiple myeloma is a type of cancer affecting the plasma cells. Plasma cell is a type of white cells in bone marrow, and they are part of the immune system. These cancerous plasma cells are found in the circulation, but the majority of them accumulate in the bone marrow. And these plasma cells produce an enzyme called cytokines, which cause the bone destruction. And these results in bone pain, fracture and increase in calcium in blood. The exact cause of multiple myelomas is not known.
Signs and symptoms of multiple myeloma
Severe bone pain, especially of the spine and chest
Loss of appetite
Multiple myelomas usually affect people of about 60.
Clinical manifestation of multiple myeloma
Bone collapse, especially spine
Bone pain and fracture
Increased calcium level in blood
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Raised level of alkaline phosphatase in blood, but normal bone scan should be carefully watched if the symptoms point to multiple myeloma.
If asymptomatic just watch and wait, and no treatment may be required.
If symptomatic high fluid intake to treat increased level of calcium in blood.
And in older patient chemotherapy is the treatment of choice in Allopathy. And for localized bone pain radiotherapy.
Since the exact etiology of multiple myelomas is not known and the disease progress into failure of vital organs, treatment is highly complicated. The earlier symptoms are constitutional like fever, fatigue and body pain. The treatment should start as constitutional. And more over the destructive process should also be prevented.
Since homeopathic medication can improve the general health of the patient homeopathy can be suggested along with the traditional treatment.
IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura –ITP- is a blood clotting disorder which affects the platelets (blood cells) and causing in increased bleeding and easy bruising of the body.
The other name of platelets is thrombocytes. Platelets are one of the essential components for blood clotting, and the normal count is between 150000 to 450000 per cubic millimeter.
Platelets are produced in the bone marrow.
Causes of ITP
As the name indicates it is an autoimmune disorder. An antibody is produced by the immune system, and these antibodies get attached to platelets. These antibodies attached platelets when reaches into spleen gets destroyed, and the count of platelets goes down below normal. In ITP, the count of platelets may fall below 20000. However, when it falls down below 10000, it will cause bleeding into the internal vital organs even without an external injury. And this is a serious condition.
ITP may be acute affecting mostly children and usually starts after a viral infection. And in the majority of cases, it comes to normal after 5-6 months without any treatment.
Chronic ITP is seen in adults and like acute ITP it has also seen after a viral infection, or in pregnancy or after an autoimmune response.
Bleeding spots or ecchymotic patches after a minor trauma.
Appearance of a pinhead sized red spots in the body.
Bleeding from nose or gums without any cause
Excessive menstrual bleeding
ITP in pregnancy usually will not affect the baby.
Complete blood count- shows marked reduction in total platelet count.
Test for bleeding time and clotting time. The bleeding time is prolonged, but clotting time is normal.
Bone marrow aspiration in rare cases
It, being an auto-immune disorder it needs a prolonged treatment. Homeopathic medicines can be tried as such or along with conventional treatment. It is clinically verified that homeopathic medicines like Arnica, Phosphorus, Lachesis, Crotalus, etc. work wonders to increase the count.